The Eyjafjallajokull volcano eruption time lapse, by Sean Stiegemeier. The south end of the mountain was once part of the coastline of the Atlantic ocean. … Eyjafjallajokull volcano is located in southern Iceland under Eyjafjallajökull icecap. As former president, Olafur Ragnar Grimsson, said referring to Katla: “You ain’t seen nothing yet!”. It is one of the oldest stratovolcanoes Eyjafjallajökull is a stratovolcano. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). It is a conical volcano built by many layers of hardened lava, tephra, pumice and volcanic ash. Using the embedded map above write a detailed description of Eyjafjallajökull’s location. Please note that we charge for tours in Euros (EUR). Then, fjalla which means mountains, and last jökull, which means glacier. This means that there is an ice cap that covers a caldera of a volcano – meaning that a glacier has the ability to erupt! Eyjafjallajökull AFI:[ 'ei.jaˌfjatl.aˌjœ.kʏtl ] (eia-fiátla-iocutl) (? On March 20, 2010 Eyjafjallajokull began spewing molten lava in an uninhabited area in south Iceland, after being dormant for 180 years. Eyjafjallajökull is a stratovolcano and it’s veins follow an East-West direction. Situated in the south west of Iceland, Eyjafjallajokull is an 800,000 year old volcano with an almost unpronounceable name that was thrust into the limelight when it erupted in 2010… causing an ash cloud that grounded aviation in the northern hemisphere.It is reckoned to be the oldest active strato volcano on the island. Eyjafjallajökull consists of a volcano completely covered by an ice cap. This site uses cookies. Its latest 2010 eruption paralysed the air traffic and, caused a lot of commotion for days. Eyjafjallajokull and Katla, neighbouring volcanoes, are believed to be related. This name, Eyjafjallajökull, didn’t exactly roll off news reporters tongue when the volcano erupted in 2010. By comparison, Hekla is a mere infant at just 8800 years of age. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Eyjafjallajökull is an elongated structure somewhat resembling a shield volcano, which is about 25 km long from E-W and 20 km wide from N-S with a relatively flat top containing an eliptical summit crater with a diammeter of between 2 and 3 km. It’s destructive force and power to disrupt remind us of the awesome natural forces that Iceland is both blessed and burdened with. If you do stop there, make the hike to the top of Valahnukur, which is about 1.5 miles long. forms : { Corrections? Eyjafjallajökull is one of the few stratovolcanoes found in Iceland. Eyjafjallajökull first erupted on March 20, 2010, in a fiery display that sent fountains of lava shooting high into the air and ribbons of lava flowing down cliff faces. callback: callback The eruption also created electrical storms. Weird sounding volcano, Eyjafjallajökull is one of the most famous places in Iceland. Iceland’s Eyjafjallajökull Volcano burst into life for the first time in 190 years on March 20, 2010. } At its highest point Eyjafjallajökull rises to 5,466 feet (1,666 metres) above sea level. Iceland—the Land of Fire and Ice—boasts bubbling mud pools and frozen glaciers, and many of the most impressive natural attractions lie along the country’s southern shores. Skógafoss is also the starting point of the 25 kilometre Fimmvörðuháls walking track, across Eyjafjallajökull … Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Eyjafjallajökull volcano emitting ash into the air over southern Iceland, April 16, 2010. The word is a compound of three different words. Gos hófst svo á Fimmvörðuhálsi þann 20. At its highest point Eyjafjallajökull Eyjafjallajökull 2010 The 2010 eruptions of Eyjafjallajökull are a series of major volcanic events at Eyjafjallajökull in Iceland which caused significant disruption to air travel across western and northern Europe in 2010. The sea gradually moved about 5km south. A large magma chamber under the mountain feeds Eyjafjallajokull. The word is a compound of three different words. Omissions? By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies. It is made up of basalt and andesite lavas. Pronunciation of Eyjafjallajökull with 5 audio pronunciations, 2 meanings, 5 translations, 1 sentence and more for Eyjafjallajökull. In the past, the UK has been affected by volcanic eruptions in Iceland, the most notable being the 2010 Eyjafjallajökull and 2011 Grímsvötn eruptions, which resulted in disruption of air traffic in the North Atlantic and Europe. It began erupting again on April 14 and sent wandering ash plumes into the skies that over the next several days spread and disrupted air traffic across northern and central Europe, the ash clouds posing a threat to aircraft engines. The main outlet glaciers are to the north: Gigjokull that flows into Lonid, and Steinholtsjokull which flows into Steinholtslon. Due to the glacier on top of Eyjafjallajokull eruptions are explosive and contain much ash. } The hike offers a superb and panoramic view of the surrounding mountains and Thorsmork Valley. You can find it in Hvolsvollur village. The Exhibition is at Þorvaldseyri visitor center, which is a family run exhibition about this massive and intersting volcano. Hekla and mt. Read more: TV Show "60 Minutes" Captures the Eruption of Eyjafjallajökull Volcano. Eyjafjallajökull is now entirely safe to visit and is seen on most tours of the South Coast in clear weather. The ice cap covers an area of about 100 square kilometres (40 square miles), feeding many outlet glaciers. Records show eruptions in 920, 1612 or 1613, 1821–23, and 2010. If you follow Road 1 eastwards along the South Shore you will eventually pass a great exhibition, where you can learn a great deal about the 2010 eruption. Eyjafjallajökull (pronounce: "Ei-ya-fyat-LA-yer-kitle) is a volcano in Iceland.The name means "island-mountains glacier". The name comes from the Icelandic language and consists of "ey" - island "fjäll - hora. Check out our complete guide to the South Coast. There are a few along the road. Öll þessi gos hafa verið frekar lítil. Iceland, Eyjafjallajökull Eruptions - May 1st and 2nd, 2010 by Sean Stiegemeier. BGS scientists respond to volcanic eruptions and contribute to the Scientific Advisory Group in Emergencies (SAGE). More of his work here: http://vimeo.com/sstiegMusic: Jonsi - Kolnidur The signature at Eyjafjallajökull is a concentrated circle without a river of lava, supporting the Icelandic Coast Guard’s observation that lava had not started to flow from the volcano. Strata volcanoes are among the most common volcanoes. The ice cap covers an area of about 100 square kilometres (39 sq mi) and it has many outlet glaciers. We fully recommend it, and don’t worry, it’s completely safe. } Fissure-fed lava flows occur on both the E and W flanks, but are more prominent on the western side. Eyjafjallajökull, lying in south-west of Iceland, is a volcano covered by an ice cap. A day to discover the beautiful Thorsmork Natural Reserve on board of a Super Jeep and crossing some rugged terrains in South Iceland. Not far from Eyjafjallajokull volcano is a very nice museum dedicated to the volcanoes in Iceland, called Lava center. You can try it for yourself, it isn’t so hard to pronounce if you just follow this simple guide. Sign up for our newsletter and receive special offers and deals (function() { The former western extension of Mýrdalsjökull (Mýrdals Glacier), from which it is now separated by the small ice-free Fimmvörduháls Pass, Eyjafjallajökull covers an area of about 40 square miles (100 square km). Thórsmörk – The back garden of Eyjafjallajökull. The former western extension of Mýrdalsjökull (Mýrdals Glacier), from which it is now separated by the small ice-free Fimmvörduháls Pass, Eyjafjallajökull covers an area of about 40 square miles (100 square km). 2010 eruption of Eyjafjallajökull revisited TonyCassidy. ouça) é um dos glaciares português europeu ou geleiras português brasileiro de menores dimensões da Islândia. Locally, significant flooding was caused by the flows of glacial meltwater. Here are some facts about Eyjafjallajokull. It most recently erupted in 2010. How to say Eyjafjallajökull in English? Eyjafjallajokull is one of the smaller ice caps of Iceland. It’s probably become the world’s most famous volcano, after Mount Vesuvius in Italy. Mount nyiragongo case study Ruth1618. Then, fjalla which means mountains, and last jökull, which means glacier. on: function (event, callback) { The Mountain Range is visible as soon as you drive east following road 1 from Reykjavik and you pass Hellisheidi heath. }); Can you say Eyjafjallajokull three times really fast? The disruption lasted for six days, from April 15th to April 21st, that stranded thousands of travelers. })(); Iceland Travel 2020 © - All Rights Reserved - Skógarhlíð 12 - 105 Reykjavík, Iceland, Blue Lagoon Transfer with Comfort admission, Click for more information on Iceland Travel and COVID-19, Thorsmork Valley and Eyjafjallajokull Volcano Sight. At Eyjafjallajökull, guests can relax in the garden or on the terrace. The mountain itself stands 1,651 metres (5,417 ft) at its highest point. Here, you can read more Eyjafjallajökull facts. } listeners: [], We recommend that you make a stop at viewpoints and admire the volcanoes from afar. Eyjafjallajökull, glacier, southern Iceland. Find out more here. Eyjafjallajökull is actually a glacier. Even more spectacular views await when you venture into the fabled valley of Þórsmörk (also known as Thórsmörk) on the other side. Katla, which are both active and powerful volcanoes. Searchable Map of Eyjafjallajökull using Google Earth Data Satellite View is showing Eyjafjallajökull one of the smaller glaciers of Iceland. Hellisheidi Geothermal Plant, which are both active and powerful volcanoes significant flooding was by... Ash Advisory Commission declared the eruption to have stopped to have stopped eyjafjallajokull began spewing lava! Evening entertainment fact, one of the few stratovolcanoes found in the world ’ s location show `` Minutes. 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